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Ideal Conditions Required For Growing Aloe Vera




1
Climate
Basically Aloe Vera is a Warm Tropical Crop and grows in various climatic conditions. Successfully grown in low rainfall regions and humid climate preferred.  Sensitive to extreme cold conditions.
2
Optimum  Spacing
40 x 45 cm  or 60 x 30 cm
3
Soil
Cultivated on wide variety of soils but grows well in black cotton soil with good drainage.
4
Manures and Fertilization
As a basic dose NPK should be applied in the ratio 50:50:50 kg / hectare.  As a part of land preparation, apply 15 to 20 tonnes / ha of well rotten farm yard manure.
5
Maturity period
Will be ready for harvesting after 2 years of planting
6
Diseases
Aloe rust, basal stem rot and bacterial soft rot are the common pests and diseases found in Aloe vera farming.
7
Yield
An average yield of 40 to 45 tonnes of thick leaves can be obtained per one hectare land cultivation
8
Irrigation
Irrigation should be carried out immediately after planting the suckers. Couple of irrigation's in hot summer will result in good yield. Avoid water logging  in the field as this crop is sensitive to water stagnation
9
Common varieties
Aloe barbedensis, Perfoliata, A.Chinesis, A.littoralis, A.Indica, A.Abyssinica, A.Vulgaris, AL-1, IC111269, IC111271, IC111280
10
Local Names
Musambar,Ghikanwar(Hindi), Kalabandha(Telugu),Chirukattalai(Tamil),Lolisara(Kannada), Kattawazha(Malayalam), Kumari(Sanskrit)
11
Major producers in India
Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Maharahstra
12
Weed control
As a part of inter cultural operations in Aloe vera farming, earthing up should be carried. Weeding should be done at equal intervals.
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