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Information Related to Soil, Irrigation, Ideal Growing Conditions for different crops, Pest and Disease Management

Ideal Growing Conditions for Onion in India

1
Can be cultivated in wide range of soils from Sandy loam to Clay loam
2
Optimum pH level
6.5 to 7.5
3
Temperature
13-14ºC during vegetative period, 16-21ºC during bulbing stage, 30-35ºC during maturity and harvest
4
Growing seasons
May – September (Kharif), August – February (Late Kharif) , October-April (Rabi)
5
Nursery Raising
Raised beds of 1.2 m width and 3-4 m length
6
Transplanting
After sowing 45 – 60 days
7
Irrigation
Necessary at the time of transplanting and light irrigation should be done on the third day after planting and subsequent irrigation will be done at 7- 10 days interval.  Drip and Sprinkler Irrigation can be effective.
8
Apply 50% Nitrogen as basal dose and remaining 50% to be applied in 7 splits through drip
9
Soya bean in Kharif season  followed by Onion in Rabi season is the best crop rotation
10
Harvesting
Depends on various factors such as cultivar, planting season, market price and condition of the crop. Onions should be harvested at 50% neck fall stage
11
Mulching your onions is an excellent way to retain soil moisture and reduce weeds
12
Improved Varieties
Bhima Super, Bhima Dark Red, Bhima Red, Bhima Shweta, Bhima Shubhra, Arka Kalyan, Arka Niketan, Agrifound Dark Red, Agrifound White, L-28, N-2-4-1, Bawant 780, N-53, Phule Safed, Bhima Kiren, Bhima Shakti



See also :
Intercropping - Types and Advantages
Greenhouse Farming and its advantages
Pests and disease management in Onion
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